Diposting oleh Netizen 24 Worldwide On 11.19
Orangutan caught on camera smoking at an Indonesian zoo
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JAKARTA, Indonesia â" An Indonesian zoo infamous for mistreatment of animals is being slammed again by activists after a video emerged of one of its orangutans smoking.
Activist Marison Guciano said Wednesday the smoking great ape is further evidence of a lack of supervision and education at Bandung Zoo, about 120 kilometers (75 miles) southwest of the capital, Jakarta.
In the video shot Sunday, a young man flicks his half-smoked cigarette into the primateâs enclosure. Itâs picked up by the reddish-brown primate, who expertly puffs on it to laughter from the crowd.Advertisement
Guciano said the man committed a crime but the privately owned zoo is mainly responsible because of its ââignorance of supervision and education for visitors.ââGet Today's Headlines in your inbox: The day's top stories delivered every morning. Thank you for signing up! Sign up for more newsletters here
The zoo has repeatedly made headlines for starving and sick animals. It was temporarily closed in 2016 after a Sumatran elephant that died was found to have bruises on its body.
A change.org petition calling for Bandung Zoo to be closed has nearly 1 million signatures. Visitors who review the zoo on TripAdvisor describe a dirty facility and sadness and anger at seeing the condition of the animals.
Zoo spokesman Sulhan SyafiâI said ââwe very much regret that such a thing happenedââ and the incident was reported to police.
Signs at the zoo warn visitors to not feed animals or give them cigarettes, he said.Advertisement
Substandard conditions are common at Indonesian zoos and Guciano blamed the government for being slow in establishing animal welfare standards.Source: Google News Indonesia | Netizen 24 Indonesia
Diposting oleh Netizen 24 Worldwide On 11.19
Indonesia blocks Tumblr over complaints about porn
JAKARTA â" Indonesia has blocked microblogging site Tumblr after complaints about pornographic content on hundreds of accounts, the communications ministry said on Tuesday.
The worldâs most populous Muslim-majority country has stepped up efforts to police online content after a rise in hoax stories and hate speech and because of anti-pornography laws pushed by Islamic parties.
The ministry sent an email to Tumblr on Feb. 28 asking it to âclean its platformâ of pornographic content within two days, Noor Iza, a spokesman for the ministry, said in a text message.
It then blocked eight Tumblr domain names on Monday after he said it had not received a response.
Indonesia has tough anti-pornography laws and the ministry said it had received complaints about pornographic contents on more than 360 accounts.
Tumblr, which is part of Verizonâs Oath business, which also in cludes Yahoo and AOL, did not immediately respond to an emailed request for comment.
According to the siteâs community guidelines, any sexual or adult-oriented content should be flagged as âNot Suitable for Workâ to warn users of the material.
Indonesia blocked more than 70,000 sites displaying ânegativeâ content such as pornography or militant ideology in January with a system using 44 computer servers to help purge the internet of material deemed harmful, the communications minister said in an interview last month.
Authorities also threatened last year to block Facebook Incâs WhatsApp Messenger, which is widely used in the country, unless graphics interchange format (GIF) images provided by third parties were removed.
Authorities had blocked access to some channels on encrypted messaging service Telegram last year, saying it had several forums that were âfull of radical and terrorist propaganda.âSource: Google News Indonesia | Netizen 24 Indonesia
Diposting oleh Netizen 24 Worldwide On 11.19
UK in talks with Indonesia over missing sunken WWII warships
Indonesia UK in talks with Indonesia over missing sunken WWII warships
Disappearance of six Dutch and British ships sunk in 1942 sparked international condemnation
The British government is in talks with Indonesia over the disappearance of half a dozen sunken warships illegally salvaged from the Java Sea, together with the remains of hundreds of Dutch and British sa ilors.
British diplomats met the Indonesian maritime ministry in Jakarta to discuss the missing wrecks last week, and is now coordinating with authorities in a related investigation, an embassy spokesperson in Jakarta has confirmed.The world's biggest grave robbery: Asiaâs disappearing WWII shipwrecks Read more
The discovery that the vessels, including six Dutch and British warships that were sunk in the 1942 Battle of the Java Sea, were missing has sparked international condemnation.
The sites are considered sacred war graves and under international law are recognised as the property of the flagged nation.
A mass salvaging operation in the waters of south-east Asia in the past three years has seen up to 40 second world war-era vessels vanish, pillaged for valuable bronze, copper, brass and unique old steel.
In Brondong, east Java, discovery of the illegal salvage mission has been followed by distressing allegations the bones found in the old ships were unceremoniously dumped in an anonymous mass grave.
Indonesian authorities have excavated three sites in Brondong in recent weeks where human remains are believed to be located.Lost bones, a mass grave and war wrecks plundered off Indonesia Read more
In close coordination with representatives from the Dutch embassy and its war graves commission, the British embassy says it is currently awaiting requests for technical assistance from Indonesian authorities in its investigation into the missing ships and origin of the bones.
Assistance provided could be forensic, archaeological or scientific in nature, the spokesperson told the Guardian.
It is understood samples of bones from the mass grave at Suko cemetery, a graveyard close to Brondong port where the salvaging mission was allegedly carried out, have been taken for forensic testing.
The Dutch government, which has been lobbying Indonesia on this issue in a series of joint meetings for the past year, is also sending an expert military team to assist.
The Dutch ministry of defence team is scheduled to arrive in Indonesia on Wednesday.
News of the investigationâs progress comes as Plymouth MP Luke Pollard launched an online petition calling on the government to ensure the remains of Royal Navy sailors killed on board the ships are buried with dignity and respect.
Last month Pollard also urged the House of Commons to take urgent action.
Three British warships, HMS Electra, HMS Encounter and HMS Exeter, all went down in the 1942 Battle of the Java Sea, part of an allied campaign against the Japanese which killed more than 170 British sailors.
The crushing defeat cost the Dutch almost 900 soldiers and led to the Japanese takeover of their colony, the then Dutch East Indies.
It is unclear how many bones the investigative team might uncover, and whether they belonged to Dutch or British sailors, or a combination of both.
In recent years DNA testing of bones matched with the DNA of survivors has proved a successful identification method.Topics
- Second world war
- Asia Pacific
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Diposting oleh Netizen 24 Worldwide On 14.07
Australia and East Timor maritime agreement could 'unravel' borders with Indonesia
Email Australia and East Timor maritime agreement could 'unravel' borders with Indonesia
Updated March 06, 2018 08:21:25Photo: The renegotiated border is expected to take in the median line between Australia and East Timor, rather than the seabed boundary. (www.dfat.gov.au) Related Story: Australia and East Timor agree on border, revenue from offshore gas fields Related Story: Timor-Leste's lawyer warns gas treaty deadlin e may be wishful thinking Related Story: East Timor tears up oil and gas treaty with Australia Map: Australia
A landmark agreement to be signed in New York tomorrow (AEDT) will close the door on the long and bitter dispute between Australia and East Timor over their maritime boundary.
But it could lead to a new legal wrangle for Australia if Indonesia tries to use the deal to renegotiate its own outdated boundaries with Australia.
In a worst-case scenario for Australia â" if that were to happen â" it could allow Indonesia to claim its own rights to lucrative oil and gas reserves in the Timor Sea.
A history of treaties in the Timor Sea
- In 1989 Australia and Indonesia signed the Timor Gap Treaty when East Timor was still under Indonesian occupation.
- East Timor was left with no permanent maritime border and Indonesia and Australia got to share t he wealth in what was known as the Timor Gap.
- In 2002 East Timor gained independence and the Timor Sea Treaty was signed, but no permanent maritime border was negotiated.
- East Timor has long argued the border should sit halfway between it and Australia, placing most of the Greater Sunrise oil and gas field in their territory.
- In 2004 East Timor started negotiating with Australia again about the border.
- In 2006 the CMATS treaty was signed, but no permanent border was set, and instead it ruled that revenue from the Greater Sunrise oil and gas field would be split evenly between the two countries.
The new maritime treaty â" to be signed at United Nations headquarters â" will draw a permanent boundary between Australia and East Timor for the first time, and set down a formula for sharing billions of dollars in future oil and gas revenues from the Timor Sea.
Details of the agreement have been kept secret until now. But it is expected to include a boundary at the median line â" or midway point â" between the two countries, which is a long way south of the boundary Australia had long proposed â" at the edge of its continental shelf which extends to within 50 nautical miles of East Timor's south coast.
The treaty is crucial for East Timor's economic future, given its over-reliance on other dwindling petroleum royalties, and because a median line boundary would likely give the tiny nation sovereignty over more of the lucrative Greater Sunrise oil and gas field, which estimates suggest could be worth up to $64.5 billion in revenue.
Questions about Australian-Indonesian border
However, a median-line boundary between Australia and East Timor could have implications for Australia's far longer boundaries with neighbouring Indonesia, if not now then down the track.
It's a prospect that successive Australian governments have sought to avoid.
Indeed, in 2002 â" the y ear East Timor gained independence â" Australia's then foreign minister Alexander Downer warned that redrawing the maritime boundaries with East Timor would risk "unravelling" thousands of kilometres of boundaries Australia had long ago settled with Indonesia.
"What Australia doesn't want is to unravel all of our maritime boundaries which have been laboriously negotiated over many years with all our neighbours," he said at the time.
"Our maritime boundaries with Indonesia cover several thousand kilometres. That is a very, very big issue for us and we are not in the game of renegotiating them."Photo: East Timorese Prime Minister Mari Alkatiri. (ABC TV)
Now, 16 years on, that scenario may not be so far-fetched.
You only have to look at a map of Australia's maritime boundaries with Indonesia and East Timor, to see the potential problem. Putting the boundary with East Timor at the midway point would introduce a dog leg with the adjoining boundaries with Indonesia.
Australia's seabed boundaries with Indonesia were settled as early as 1971, when most of Australia's maritime boundaries were based on the continental shelf, which again extends well beyond the median line and ends close to the Indonesian coastline.
But international law has changed since then and today favours the median line, and not the continental shelf.
The 1982 UN Convention on the Law of the Sea stipulates that "where the coasts of two states are opposite or adjacent to each other, neither of the two states is entitled â¦ to extend its territorial sea beyond the median line."
Door o pen for Indonesian gas access
That means if the maritime boundaries with Indonesia were negotiated today, they'd look completely different and give Indonesia far greater rights to the seabed.
Crucially, it would arguably give Indonesia rights to a share of the Greater Sunrise field.
Even in 1977 â" five years after the boundaries were negotiated â" Indonesia's then foreign minister Mochtar Kusamaatmadja claimed that Australia had "taken Indonesia to the cleaners" over the boundary negotiations.
Accordingly, the median line was later used to determine Indonesia's Exclusive Economic Zone in a separate treaty in 1997, such that Indonesia's fishing rights today extend much further south than its rights to the seabed (oil and gas).Photo: The Australian and Indonesian governments may need to renegotiate their maritime border. (ABC News: David Spicer)
In fact, Indonesia has never ratified the 1997 treaty, although it has honoured it.
But international law expert Don Rothwell, from the Australian National University, believed that decision leaves the door open to Indonesia to seek to renegotiate its own boundaries with Australia, in the same way that East Timor has successfully done.
"Because Indonesia has yet to ratify [the treaty] it gives Indonesia the option to come back to Australia and say we'd like to revisit particular aspects of that treaty, especially in light of the final maritime boundary arrangements you have now entered into with East Timor," Professor Rothwell said.
"Th at could open up for Australia quite a significant can of worms in terms of facing the prospect of renegotiating a significant swag of our maritime boundary arrangements with Indonesia, which stretch from West Timor right out alongside the boundary with Java and into the Indian Ocean."
Australia could face challenge to negotiate
Most contentious of all are the so-called "lateral" boundaries that run perpendicular to the median line between Australia and East Timor.
The Greater Sunrise field straddles the eastern lateral boundary, very close to the existing Australia-Indonesia boundary. If Indonesia chose to pursue the issue there could be significant implications for Australia's maritime sovereignty, and the rights to Greater Sunrise.
"I think that [Indonesia] would be saying look, Australia has been prepared to effectively redraw these boundaries with East Timor," Professor Rothwell said.
"If Australia has been pre pared to renegotiate some of those boundaries with East Timor why can't Australia renegotiate the boundaries with Indonesia that were settled some time ago also?
"Which would then create some considerable complexity because then you'd be looking at a three-way negotiation on how that particular area of the seabed should be carved up."Photo: International law expert Don Rothwell believes Indonesia may seek to negotiate its border with Australia. (ABC News Breakfast)
Professor Rothwell said Australia had no doubt kept Indonesian officials abreast of its ongoing boundary negotiations with East Timor, to avoid such an outcome.
But he said Indonesian officials until now have not been prepared to go on the record in terms of how they might react to the new boundary arrangements in the Timor Sea, once they're revealed.
"Having said that there is a general principle in international law that boundaries should be respected, and not be redrawn," he said.
"And that treaties, once they're concluded, should be accepted. States are bound by treaties in good faith."
Good faith is one thing but billions of dollars in untapped oil and gas reserves is quite another.
The ABC sought comment from the Indonesian Government and maritime experts, but had not yet received a response.
Topics: international-law, foreign-affairs, government-and-politics, oil-and-gas, industry, australia
First posted March 06, 2018 06:02:59
Contact Anne BarkerSource: Google News Indonesia | Netizen 24 Indonesia